Glunor Xr 500MG


Glunor Xr 500MG


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Metformin Hydrochloride



Treatment of sort 2 diabetes mellitus, especially in overweight patients when dietary administration and work out alone does not result in satisfactory glycaemic control. In grown-ups: Metformin may be utilized as monotherapy or in combination with other verbal antidiabetic specialists or with insulin. In children from 10 a long time of age and youths: Metformin may be utilized as monotherapy or in combination with insulin. A decrease of diabetic complications has been appeared in overweight sort 2 diabetic grown-up patients treated with metformin as first-line treatment after slim down disappointment.



Metformin could be a biguanide sort verbal antihyperglycemic medicate utilized within the administration of sort 2 diabetes. It brings down both basal and postprandial plasma glucose. Its component of activity is diverse from those of sulfonylureas and it does not create hypoglycemia. Metformin diminishes hepatic glucose generationdiminishes intestinal retention of glucose and moves forward affront affectability by an increment in fringe glucose take-up and utilization.


Administration & Dosage

Metformin immediate release tablet: Dosage of Metformin Hydrochloride must be individualized on the basis of both effectiveness and tolerance, while not exceeding the maximum recommended daily doses.

  • Adult: The usual starting dose of Metformin is 500 mg twice a day or 850 mg once a day, given with meals. Dosage increases should be made in increments of 500 mg weekly or 850 mg every 2 weeks, up to a total of 2000 mg per day, given in divided doses. For those patients requiring additional glycemic control, Glucomin may be given to a maximum daily dose of 2550 mg per day. Doses above 2000 mg may be better tolerated given three times a day with meals.
  • Children: The usual starting dose of Metformin is 500 mg twice a day, given with meals. Dosage increases should be made in increments of 500 mg weekly up to a maximum of 2000 mg per day, given in divided doses.Metformin extended release tablet: Swallow Metformin XR tablet whole and never crush, cut or chew.
    • Adult: The usual starting dose of Metformin XR is 500 mg once daily with the evening meal. Dose should be increased in increments of 500 mg weekly, up to a maximum of 2000 mg once daily with the evening meal, alternatively increased to 1000 mg twice daily taken with meal. Patient receiving Metformin immediate release tablet may be switched to Metformin extended release tablet up to a maximum recommended daily dose.
    • Children: Metformin extended release tablet has not been studied in children.
    • Renal impaired patient: Do not use Metformin in patients with eGFR below 30 mL/min/1.73 m2. Asses risk/benefit of counting if eGFR falls below 45 mL/min/1.73 m2.



Carbonic anhydrase (Topiramate, Zonisamide) co-administration may increase the risk of lactic acidosis. Drugs that reduce Metformin clearance (Ranolazine, Dolutegravir, Cimetidine) may cause Metformin accumulation. Metformin’s effect on lactate metabolism can be amplified by alcohol.



Extreme touchiness to the dynamic substance or to any of the excipients. Any sort of intense metabolic acidosis (such as lactic acidosis, diabetic ketoacidosis). Severe renal disappointment (GFR <30 mL/min). Acute conditions with the potential to change renal work such as: drying outserious contamination, shock. Acute or unremitting illness, which may cause tissue hypoxia such as: cardiac or respiratory disappointmentlater myocardial dead tissuestun, Hepatic insufciency, intense liquor inebriationliquor abuse.


Side Effect

Blood and lymphatic framework clutters: Not known: Hemolytic anemia Metabolism and sustenance cluttersExceptionally uncommon: Lactic acidosis. Diminish of vitamin B12 assimilation with a diminish of serum levels amid long-term utilize of metformin. Thought of such etiology is prescribed in the event that a quiet presents with megaloblastic frailty. Cases of fringe neuropathy in patients with vitamin B12 lack have been detailed in post-marketing encounter (recurrence not known) Nervous framework disarranges: Common: Taste unsettling influence. Not known: EncephalopathyGastrointestinal cluttersExceptionally common: Gastrointestinal clutters, such as queasinessspewingloose bowelsstomach torment, and misfortune of craving. These undesirable impacts happen most regularly amid the start of treatment and resolve suddenly in most cases. To avoid them, it is prescribed that metformin be taken in 2 or 3 day by day measurements amid or after dinners. A moderate increment of the dosage may moreover move forward gastrointestinal tolerability. Hepatobiliary cluttersExceptionally uncommonSeparated reports of liver work test variations from the norm or hepatitis settling upon metformin discontinuation. Skin and subcutaneous tissue disarrangesExceptionally uncommon: Skin responses, such as erythema, pruritus, urticaria.


Pregnancy & Lactation

Pregnancy: Uncontrolled diabetes amid pregnancy (gestational or changeless) is related with an expanded hazard of inherent variations from the norm and perinatal mortality. When the quiet plans to gotten to be pregnant and amid pregnancy, it is prescribed that diabetes isn’t treated with metformin but insulin be utilized to preserve blood glucose levels as near to typical as conceivable, to diminish the hazard of deformities of the foetus. Breastfeeding: Metformin is excreted into human breast drain. No unfavorable efects were watched in breastfed newborns/infants. In any case, as only restricted information are accessible, breastfeeding isn’t suggested amid metformin treatment. A decision on whether to discontinue breastfeeding ought to be made, taking under consideration the good thing about breastfeeding and the potential chance to antagonistic impacts on the child.


Precautions & Warnings

Metformin Hydrochloride is known to be excreted in large amounts by the kidneys, and the risk of Metformin accumulation and lactic acidosis increases as renal function declines. Metformin has been linked to a reduction in vitamin B12 levels. When combined with insulin or an insulin secretagogue, it raises the risk of hypoglycemia.


Therapeutic Class



Storage Conditions

Protect from light and moisture by storing below 30°C. Keep the medicine out of children’s reach.


Pharmaceutical Name

Eskayef Pharmaceuticals Ltd.