Clonium 0.5 MG

100110004800301

Clonium 0.5 MG

6.50৳ 

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Description

Generic

Clonazepam

 

Indications

It’s used to treat panic disorder, both with and without agoraphobia. Panic disorder is defined by the occurrence of unexpected panic attacks, as well as the fear of having further attacks and concern about the implications or consequences of the attacks.

It’s also used to treat Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome (petit mal form), akinetic seizures, and myoclonic seizures, either alone or in combination. Patients with absence seizures (petit mal) who have not responded to succinimides may benefit from it.

Clonazepam’s effectiveness in long-term use, defined as longer than 9 weeks, has not been well investigated in controlled clinical research. If a physician decides to use Clonium 0.5 mg for a longer period of time, he or she should reevaluate the drug’s long-term effectiveness for the patient on a regular basis.

 

Pharmacology

Clonazepam has benzodiazepine-like pharmacological features, such as anticonvulsive, sedative, muscle relaxing, and anxiolytic actions. Benzodiazepines’ central effects are mediated by an increase in GABAergic neurotransmission at inhibitory synapses. Positive allosteric modulation of the GABA receptor for the neurotransmitter is increased in the presence of benzodiazepines, resulting in greater action of released GABA on the postsynaptic transmembrane chloride ion flow.

There is additional evidence of clonazepam’s influence on serotonin in animals. Clonazepam suppresses many types of paroxysmal activity, including spike and wave discharge in absence of seizures (petit mal), slow spike wave, generalized spike wave, spikes with temporal or other locations, as well as irregular spikes and waves, according to animal data and electroencephalographic investigations in humans. EEG abnormalities in general are repressed more frequently than abnormalities in specific areas. Clonium 0.5 mg appears to be effective in both widespread and focal epilepsies, according to these data.

 

Dosage & Administration

Oral:

  • Adults: The initial dose for adults with seizure disorders should not exceed 1.5 mg/day divided into three doses. Dosage may be increased in increments of 0.5 to 1 mg every 3 days until seizures are adequately controlled or until side effects preclude any further increase. Maintenance dosage must be individualized for each patient depending upon response. Maximum recommended daily dose is 20 mg.
  • The initial dose for adults with panic disorder is 0.25 mg given in two divided dose. An increase to the target dose for most patients of 1 mg/day may be made after 3 days.
  • Pediatric Patients: In order to minimize drowsiness, the initial dose for infants and children (up to 10 years of age or 30 kg of body weight) should be between 0.01 and 0.03 mg/kg/day but not to exceed 0.05 mg/kg/day given in two or three divided doses.

Injection:

  • Infants and children: half of a vial (0.5 mg) by slow IV injection or by IV infusion.
  • Adults: 1 vial (1 mg) by slow IV injection or by IV infusion. This dose can be repeated as required (1-4 mg are usually sufficient to reverse the status). In adults, the rate of injection must not exceed 0.25 – 0.5 mg per minute (0.5-1.0 ml of the prepared solution) and a total dose of 10 mg should not be exceeded.

 

Interaction

Phenytoin, carbamazepine, and phenobarbital pharmacokinetics do not appear to be affected by Clonium 0.5 mg. Clonazepam’s impact on the metabolism of other medications has not been studied.

 

Contraindications

It should not be used in patients who have a history of benzodiazepine hypersensitivity, as well as those who have clinical or biochemical signs of substantial liver disease. It can be utilized in people with open angle glaucoma who are on the right medication, but it’s not recommended for acute narrow angle glaucoma.

 

Side Effects

Clonium 0.5 mg’s most common adverse effects are depression of the central nervous system (CNS). Drowsiness has been reported in roughly 50 percent of patients treated for seizures, with ataxia occurring in approximately 30 percent. These may improve with time in some situations; behavior issues have been reported in about 25% of patients. Aphonia, coma, tremor, vertigo, disorientation, sadness, amnesia, hallucinations, hysteria, increased libido, sleeplessness, psychosis, and palpitations are some of the symptoms that can arise.

 

Pregnancy & Lactation

Clonium 0.5 mg has the potential to cause congenital abnormalities, according to preclinical investigations. Anticonvulsant medicines have been shown to be teratogens in epidemiological studies. However, determining which drug or combination of pharmaceuticals is responsible for birth abnormalities from published epidemiological reports is difficult. It’s also possible that other factors, such as genetic factors or the epilepsy itself, are more important than pharmacological therapy in causing birth abnormalities.

Although Clonazepam’s active ingredient has been reported to enter into breast milk in trace amounts, mothers who are taking this medication should not nurse. Breastfeeding should be stopped unless there is a compelling need to use Clonazepam.

 

Precautions & Warnings

Clonium 0.5 mg may increase the incidence or hasten the beginning of generalized tonic-clonic seizures in patients who have multiple distinct forms of seizure disorders. This may necessitate the addition of or an increase in the dosage of anticonvulsants. The use of valproic acid and Clonium 0.5 mg at the same time can cause absent status.

 

Therapeutic Class

Adjunct anti-epileptic drugs, Benzodiazepine hypnotics

 

Storage Conditions

Do not store at temperatures above 30°C. Keep out of children’s reach.

 

Pharmaceutical Name

ACI Limited